Heart Disease

February is American Heart Month

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. This month, educate yourself on symptoms so you can prevent and get treatment if needed.

Signs of a Heart Attack in Men

More than 60% of men who suffer a heart attack, experience heart attack symptoms before the actual heart attack. Often men choose to neglect the symptoms, which leads to complications. These symptoms include:

  • Chest Pain
  • Irregular Heart Beats
  • Discomfort
  • Pain in upper abdomen
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Sweating
  • Fainting
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Light-headed Feeling
  • Anxiety
  • Indigestion

These were the most obvious symptoms of heart attack. The symptoms and its intensity can vary from person to person. As one person might feel a dull chest pain, another person will experience excruciating chest pain. If you see any of the above mentioned symptoms, do not waste any time and call Emergency Medical Services (EMS) immediately. It is advised to call EMS as the staff in EMS is trained to administer lifesaving treatment. The EMS staff is also trained to revive a heart which has stopped working. At the same time the added advantage of calling EMS is that patients who arrive in EMS ambulances receive faster treatment at the hospital and hence, valuable time in the golden one hour is not lost.

source: www.buzzle.com

Signs of a Heart Attack in Women

Many women think the signs of a heart attack are unmistakable — the image of the elephant comes to mind — but in fact they can be subtler and sometimes confusing.

  • Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  • Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.

As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain. If you have any of these signs, don’t wait more than five minutes before calling for help. Call 9-1-1 and get to a hospital right away.

source: www.heart.com

Take Care Of Yourself

Heart disease is preventable. Here are Goldberg’s top tips:

  • Schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to learn your personal risk for heart disease.
  • Quit smoking. Did you know that just one year after you quit, you’ll cut your risk of coronary heart disease by 50 percent?
  • Start an exercise program. Just walking 30 minutes a day can lower your risk for heart attack and stroke.

source: www.heart.com

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Women and African-Americans at Higher Risk of Heart Attack

Women and African-Americans at Higher Risk of Heart Attack

Women and African-Americans at Higher Risk of Heart Attack


Women and African-Americans at Higher Risk of Heart Attack


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Doctors have known for years that atrial fibrillation (AF), or irregular heartbeat, increases the risk for stroke, but now researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have shown that it also increases the risk for heart attack. In fact, for women and African Americans, it more than doubles the risk.


 The study is published in the Nov. 4 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.


Approximately three million people in the United States have AF and that number is expected to double in the next couple of decades, according to Elsayed Z. Soliman, M.D., director of the Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center (EPICARE) at Wake Forest Baptist and lead author of the study. Patients with AF have three to five times the risk of stroke and double the risk of mortality compared to those without AF.

“AF is a disease of aging and it is common, costly and has lots of complications,” Soliman said. “Our study showed that patients with AF, especially women and African-Americans, are at an increased risk of heart attack compared to those without AF.”

The prospective study included 23,928 participants without coronary heart disease from Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS), a large biracial population-based cohort study. The participants were enrolled between 2003 and 2007 and were followed through December 2009.

In the study, the overall increase in risk of heart attack in those with AF, compared to those without AF, was about 70 percent, even after taking into account other cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as hypertension, high cholesterol, body mass index and history of stroke and vascular disease. That risk was more than double in women and African Americans, but less than 50 percent for men and whites, Soliman said.

These findings add to the growing concerns of the seriousness of AF as a public health burden.

“Traditionally, blood thinners are used to manage AF complications such as stroke, but now there is another dimension to the problem. We need to determine the best strategy to prevent heart attack in AF patients while still dealing with potential stroke risk,” Soliman said. “In our study, individuals taking blood thinners were at lower risk for heart attack from AF, suggesting a potential role for blood thinners in prevention of heart attacks in AF patients.”


Originally Posted: Medicalxpress.com